5 Things to Know about France and the Sahel region [fr]

The Sahel is an area as large as Europe that faces many challenges: more than 50% of the population lives below the poverty line and many countries face the threat of terrorism and organized crime. It is also an area that is organizing itself to meet these challenges. Several initiatives are being implemented to promote youth access to the labor market, women’s empowerment and the fight against climate change. Leaders are also organizing themselves to provide common responses to the terrorist threat. France is fully committed to supporting these initiatives on the political, security and development levels.


France supports the implementation of the peace and reconciliation agreement in Mali

France is part of the international mediation that supports the agreement for peace and reconciliation in Mali, which resulted from the Algiers process. This agreement marks an important step and its implementation is essential for the lasting stabilization of Mali.

France supports the Sahel States against the terrorist threat

Both bilaterally and at the European level, and within the framework of the United Nations, France is resolutely committed to the fight against terrorism in the Sahel.

On February 17, 2022, France decided, in consultation with its African and European partners, to reorganize the Barkhane operation outside of Mali.

France will continue to provide security support to countries in the region that request it, in coordination with their partners, particularly European ones, to meet the challenges posed by armed terrorist groups. France is also in discussion with other West African countries to strengthen its support to them.

France supports the G5 Sahel

At France’s initiative in 2017, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted resolutions 2359 and 2391 on the deployment of the G5 Sahel Joint Force. Created in 2014 by five Sahelian states, this joint cross-border force aims to fight terrorism and transnational criminal networks in the Sahel region.

Following the January 13, 2020 Pau Summit, held in the presence of the United Nations Secretary General, France and the G5 Sahel countries decided to strengthen their efforts and coordination in the fight against terrorism. A joint command mechanism between the G5 Sahel joint force and Barkhane has been set up with a command post in Niamey, Niger.

France supports development in the Sahel region through the Sahel Alliance

The effort made for the region’s security will be short-livedif it is not accompanied by a sustainable development effort. To create the conditions for economic development in the Sahel region, the Sahel Alliance was launched under Franco-German leadership on July 13, 2017, in Paris. The Alliance, which aims to strengthen the coordination of the actions of various donors on the ground to help stabilize and develop these countries, now has 9 members: France, Germany, the European Union, the African Development Bank, the United Nations Development Program, the World Bank, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom. France is contributing 1.6 billion euros to the Sahel Alliance’s project portfolio, which has already mobilized a total of 12 billion euros.

France remains committed to fighting the food crisis in the Sahel and West Africa, notably through the FARM initiative.

At the Security Council, France supports MINUSMA

In the Security Council, France is coordinating negotiations on the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA). This is a peacekeeping operation whose mandate is focused on supporting the implementation of the inter-Malian peace agreement, protecting civilians and supporting the re-establishment of state authority. MINUSMA is also one of the largest peacekeeping operations in terms of personnel and budget. It has more than 15,000 soldiers, police and civilian personnel. It plays an indispensable role in the stabilization of Mali.

Dernière modification : 28/03/2023

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