Against Daesh, we have our common humanity - 20 November 2015 [fr]
Security Council - Adoption of Resolution 2249 - Explanation of vote by Mr. François Delattre, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations - 20 November 2015
On 13 November, Daesh committed an act of war against France. In launching its deadly attacks in Paris and Saint-Denis, Daesh sought to strike more than a capital — it sought to strike at what defines our nation. The toll was particularly heavy, as we all know — 130 people were killed, more than 600 were injured, and 193 are still hospitalized, many between life and death.
But that day Daesh did not attack only France and the French. It sought to strike far more. It assailed the entire world in the cosmopolitan city of Paris. Among the dead, 24 nationalities have been identified to date. And I recall that before Paris, Daesh attacked Lebanon, Iraq, Turkey, Tunisia, Russia and many other countries. It wanted to undermine the ideal of our freedom and our shared humanity — an ideal that is the United Nations.
President Hollande spoke Monday before the French Parliament, meeting in a joint session, to mark the absolute determination of France to fight Daesh with all means necessary. And in its relentless fight against the terrorism practiced by Daesh, France wants to be true to its values. As a founding Member of the United Nations, France is deeply committed to the raison d’être of our Organization. The United Nations represents the primacy of law and collective security. It is therefore to the Security Council that the President of the Republic has naturally turned to organize and mobilize our international action.
In adopting resolution 2249 (2015), the members of the Security Council have acted unanimously to live up to their responsibilities. The resolution we have just adopted recognizes the exceptional nature of the threat posed by Daesh. It calls on all Member States to take all necessary measures to eradicate the sanctuary that Daesh has created in Syria and Iraq, and to thwart its radical ideology. The resolution frames our action within the framework of international law and in respect for the Charter of the United Nations, which is our common good — indeed, I would say our common treasure. It also offers the guarantee of an effective fight against transnational terrorism.
As I said, the events of 13 November were an armed aggression against France. Our military action, of which we informed the Security Council from the outset and which was justified as legitimate collective self-defence, can now also be characterized as individual self-defence, in accordance with Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations. On the basis of this historical resolution of the Security Council, France will pursue and strengthen its efforts to mobilize the entire international community to defeat our common enemy. France will play its full part in this effort. Militarily, the President of the Republic announced an intensification of air strikes against strategic Daesh targets in Syria. This intensification is under way. In the coming days, France will increase its strike capability threefold with the arrival of the aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle. Politically, the fight against Daesh will be effective only if it is based on a political transition that will end the Syrian conflict, which has served and continues to serve as a nursery of terrorism.
The resolution creates the conditions for an international mobilization. In that context, we appeal to Europe. My country has sought and obtained this week from the European Union the first activation in its history of the mutual solidarity clause, because France has paid a heavy price in its struggle against the terrorism of Daesh in Syria and Iraq and that of Al-Qaeda in the Sahel. We expect Europe to actively engage with us on behalf of our shared security and that of the neighboring countries of Syria.
We also call on all members of the Security Council and beyond. It is in that spirit that the President of the Republic will travel next week to Washington, D.C., and Moscow. We have contacted our many partners and will continue to do so. Indeed, we are determined to achieve the broadest possible mobilization. Against Daesh, we have our common humanity. We, the peoples of the United Nations, have a duty to defend it.