Briefings by chairs of Committees 1267, 1373 and 1540 [fr]
Briefings by chairs of Committees 1267, 1373 and 1540
Statement by Mr. Antoine Michon, Political Coordinator of France to the United Nations
Security Council - 20 May 2019
I would like to thank you, Mr. President, as well as Ambassador Meza-Cuadra, for your commitment as Chairs of the Committees established pursuant to resolution 1373 (2001) concerning counter-terrorism, resolutions 1267 (1999), 1989 (2011) and 2253 (2015) concerning the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (Da’esh), Al-Qaida and associated individuals, groups, undertakings and entities, and resolution 1540 (2004). Terrorism and nuclear proliferation are some of the most serious threats to international peace and security today. I would therefore like to touch briefly on the activities of each of the Committees.
I would first like to discuss the 1267 Committee, responsible for sanctions against Da’esh and Al-Qaida. While Da’esh has suffered some important military defeats in the Middle East, it continues to pose a complex threat and its barbaric ideology still inspires radicalized individuals to move from words to deeds. In some parts of the world, particularly in Afghanistan, Da’esh, through local franchises, has been the cause of particularly deadly attacks. The end of its territorial hold does not therefore mean the end of the terrorist threat posed by Da’esh.
Al-Qaida also remains very active in some regions such as the Sahel or the Arabian peninsula. In this context, France attaches great importance to the 1267 Committee continuing to fulfil its two essential missions. The first is the analysis of the terrorist threat, through the reports of the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team, which is very valuable for Member States. In this regard, France encourages all States to cooperate actively with the Group of Experts in order to enrich its analyses. The second mission is the implementation and rigorous monitoring of the sanctions list, the largest in volume among all United Nations sanctions regimes. If the regime is to remain credible and effective, it is essential that it be fully implemented by States, as required by Council resolutions, and that its procedures respect the fundamental freedoms of listed individuals. France therefore reiterates its full support for the Office of the Ombudsperson and encourages all States to continue to cooperate actively with it.
My second point concerns the 1373 Committee on counter-terrorism, which also fulfils at least two major functions. The first of these functions is the Committee on Counter-Terrorism’s core activity, namely, implementation assessments. The assessment visits of the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED) are a unique tool for a comprehensive audit of national counter-terrorism measures and for making the best recommendations, including those concerning the technical assistance needs of States. We encourage all States to accept the visits of the CTED and to fully implement the Security Council resolutions on the fight against terrorism, including the most recent one adopted by the Council less than two months ago, in resolution 2462 (2019), on the fight against terrorist financing.
The second and equally important function of the CTC is to be a laboratory of ideas. In this context, with the valuable support of the CTED and its network, the Committee makes it possible to raise States’ awareness of the emerging challenges that characterize an ever-changing terrorist threat. Special meetings of the Committee, such as the one we will soon have on vulnerable targets, are an excellent way to reflect together on specific issues. France therefore encourages the continuation of the joint meetings of the CTC and the 1267 Committee, as we did on 26 April last, in order to compare the threat analysis and the assessment of the implementation of Council resolutions.
Finally, I would like to say a few words on the efforts made in the 1540 Committee. The risk of radiological, biological, chemical and nuclear materials and delivery systems falling into the hands of terrorists is real. We know this, and we have seen it in Syria and Iraq. In addition, there are major suspicions about the state of Syrian chemical stockpiles, which increases the possibility that, with the potential existence of residual capabilities on Syrian territory, there is a risk that terrorists may get their hands on these weapons.
We are also particularly concerned about the transfer to the Middle East of goods and technology for the development of weapons and means of delivery capable of carrying weapons of mass destruction. In this worrying context, it is important to adapt our action to the evolution of the threat. Progress in the implementation of resolution 1540 (2004) and its aftermath is tangible, both at national and regional levels. Today, the vast majority of States Members of the United Nations have adopted measures incorporating the provisions of the resolution into national law. Whether it concerns the security of sensitive materials and goods, the strengthening of border controls or even, where necessary, the establishment of export-control mechanisms, States ensure that such sensitive materials and goods do not fall into the hands of terrorists.
But we must go further: the 2020 deadline for reviewing the implementation of resolution 1540 (2004) should encourage us to intensify our efforts. This includes strengthening the logic of coordination, assistance and interaction that underlies our action, for it is only through greater cooperation that we will be able to better prevent the risk of acquisition of weapons of mass destruction by non-State actors. France is fully involved in this regard, in this forum, as Coordinator of the Working Group on Assistance, at the General Assembly, at the European Union and in the context of its presidency of the Group of Seven.