Central African Republic: full support to the MINUSCA [fr]
Renewal of the MINUSCA’s mandate - Vote explanation by Mr. François Delattre, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations - Security Council - 15 November
France welcomes today’s unanimous adoption of resolution 2387 (2017), renewing the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA). In a context where the security and humanitarian situation has been deteriorating and taking a heavy toll on the civilian population, Blue Helmets and humanitarian workers alike, we welcome the fact that through it the Security Council is demonstrating its full and steadfast support both to MINUSCA and the Central African Republic authorities.
Before the negotiations that concluded today, France had asserted that the Security Council could not afford to take the risk of allowing the Central African Republic to relapse into a crisis as tragic as the one that it endured from the end of 2012 to the beginning of 2014. On the contrary, we believed that the Council had to put its full weight behind halting the spiral of violence and recreate positive momentum in the country.
That is the thrust of the important resolution that France proposed and we have just adopted.
I would like to stress three points concerning it.
First, the resolution delivers support for MINUSCA that we hope will be decisive, with an increase in the troop ceiling of 900 military personnel that everyone has been waiting for and that will provide MINUSCA with more resources and greater flexibility, enabling it to improve its ability to deliver on its mandate to protect civilians. MINUSCA has already shown that when necessary it can act proactively and robustly to protect civilian populations, especially women and children, who are particularly vulnerable, against the threat of armed groups. We hope that MINUSCA will be able to continue those efforts within the framework of the new resolution and therefore with a strengthened capacity.
With regard to the protection of civilians, we would also like to revisit the importance of effectively combating cases of sexual exploitation and abuse and to reiterate our full support for the Secretary-General’s zero-tolerance policy and for the voluntary compact arrived at between the United Nations and Member States. In that regard, today’s resolution encourages both the United Nations and troop- and police-contributing countries to build on and consolidate the work already undertaken to prevent such abuses, and to ensure that the perpetrators are not left unpunished.
Secondly, at the request of the Secretary-General, the resolution also enables MINUSCA to prioritize its mandate better by focusing on the critical challenges of peacekeeping, which are the protection of civilians, which I just talked about; support for the peace and reconciliation process under the leadership of the Central African Republic authorities and jointly with the African Initiative for Peace and Reconciliation; and the delivery of humanitarian aid. The prioritization of the mandate will be accompanied by improved sequencing of various other of MINUSCA’s tasks so as to enable the Mission to fulfil its mandate as efficiently as possible.
Thirdly, the resolution is a first step in the support that MINUSCA can give to the gradual and controlled redeployment of the Central African armed forces, trained by the European Union Training Mission-Central African Republic, with a view to their long-term re-establishment. The Secretary-General’s recommendations, which we expect to see by May, will be very useful for that. This is a critical issue, because it is through that support to the redeployment of the Central African internal security forces that the Security Council can affirm its support to the Central African Government in implementing its strategy for restoring the State’s authority throughout its territory.
France, as the penholder for the Central African Republic dossier, would like to once again thank the Secretary-General and his Special Representative for the Central African Republic, Mr. Parfait Onanga, for their commitment to peace and reconciliation in the Central African Republic. I also thank all the delegations of the Security Council for their work.
Of course, as we all know, the crisis in the Central African Republic cannot be solved by a security response alone and without resolute commitment on the part of all the stakeholders concerned.
That is why the resolution reaffirms the Security Council’s full support to President Touadera and encourages him to continue the efforts he has made so far to facilitate national reconciliation. It is also why it supports the African Initiative for Peace and Reconciliation, with a view to reaching a comprehensive, inclusive political agreement that does not ignore any issues, including the fight against impunity.
Despite the difficulties that we are all aware of, together we can succeed in the Central African Republic if we remain focused on working to achieve lasting peace there. That is the thrust of today’s resolution, which must now be implemented in full.