DRC: unanimous renewal of MONUSCO! [fr]
Explanation of vote by Ms Anne Gueguen, Deputy Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations
Security Council - 19 December 2019
France welcomes the unanimous adoption of resolution 2502 (2019), renewing the mandate of the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO). By this resolution, the Security Council seeks to endorse the emergence of the Democratic Republic of the Congo into a new phase of its history and to mark the importance of the partnership between the United Nations and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, in order to contribute jointly to the protection of civilians and to stabilize the country.
That is why the Council calls in particular on the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the United Nations to jointly develop a transition strategy that will make it possible to clearly determine the priorities to be implemented in order to meet the prerequisites for the eventual withdrawal of MONUSCO, in what the independent strategic review called a transitional compact for lasting peace.
This initiative will make it possible to concentrate efforts on the east of the country, which is still in the grip of violent clashes, while pursuing efforts to consolidate the State and its institutions. Through the resolution, the Security Council also recalls its expectations regarding the protection of civilians, which is at the heart of MONUSCO’s Chapter VII mandate and which is the responsibility of the entire Mission.But beyond MONUSCO, the Democratic Republic of the Congo will need the help of all its partners in order to fully implement the reforms necessary for the lasting stabilization of the country.
I am thinking of justice and security sector reform, and the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration process in particular, both of which are essential to ending the violence that continues to affect parts of the country. I am also thinking of the development programmes carried out by President Tshilombo Tshisekedi and his Government, which are aimed at promoting more equitable access to available resources and basic services and at thereby reducing tensions, particularly between communities.
The United Nations, international financial institutions and bilateral and multilateral partners must all mobilize in support of the Democratic Republic of the Congo so as to enable it to achieve these objectives. MONUSCO will not be able to do so alone. The Democratic Republic of the Congo can count on the support of France.
We have already planned support of €300 million over the next five years.Finally, in addition to these partners, it is first and foremost the region that is called upon to mobilize. The Great Lakes region has enormous development potential and the States of the region have a collective destiny to develop it. This objective has been rooted in the Addis Ababa Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework since 2013. The eradication of hostile groups, the normalization of the extractive sector, legal and fiscal harmonization and the establishment of regional cooperation in customs and police matters require the commitment of all States and subregional organizations.France hopes that all the political leaders of the region will fully seize the available opportunities to definitively turn the page of the past and build together a future in partnership.