Durable solutions regarding the Iranian nuclear program - 15 December 2015 [fr]
Security Council - Situation in Iran- Statement by Mr. Philippe Bertoux, Political Counsellor of France to the United Nations - December 15, 2015
I too would like to thank Ambassador Oyarzun Marchesi for his presentation of the quarterly report of the Committee established pursuant to resolution 1737 (2006), and his entire team for the excellent work they have been doing for nearly a year.
The Vienna agreement of 14 July and the Council’s adoption of resolution 2231 (2015) marked a historic step on the road to establishing confidence in the exclusively peaceful nature of the Iranian nuclear programme. For 12 years, the international community worried about Iran’s alarming expansion of its nuclear programme. Today, after long and difficult negotiations, a path has opened towards a lasting solution to the issue.
The July agreement between Iran and the E3+3 meets the traditional and essential requirements for non-proliferation that we outlined during the negotiations. In order to ensure Iran’s compliance with its commitments, we have established a robust and detailed verification regime.
The Vienna agreement is now our collective road map. We will monitor it to ensure that the timetable and measures defined in the agreement and in resolution 2231 (2015) are rigorously and comprehensively implemented.Positive progress has been made since July. On 18 October, following the completion of the national investigation process, the Vienna agreement went into effect, and just today the Board of Governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency took important decisions aimed at re-establishing the relationship between the Agency and Iran on new foundations.
Having endorsed the Vienna agreement through the adoption of resolution 2231 (2015), the Council must now shoulder the responsibility of implementing it. I would like to recall in that regard that both the agreement and the resolution establish that until the start of implementation, all existing Security Council measures, including sanctions, remain in full effect.
In that context, we were disturbed to learn the conclusions of the latest incident report from the Panel of Experts concerning the ballistic missile launched by Iran on 10 October. According to the report, the Panel’s rigorous independent inquiry concluded quite unambiguously that the missile launch constituted a violation of resolution 1929 (2010). That violation must receive an appropriate response from the Committee established pursuant to resolution 1737 (2006).
The Panel of Experts also mentions a possible ballistic missile launch on 21 November. That information should receive our full attention, and if it is confirmed we should also respond to it.
In a second report concerning an attempt to transfer titanium bars under embargo, the conclusions in the Panel of Experts are no more reassuring. If the transfer had been successful, it would also have constituted a violation of resolution 1737 (2006). Such violations, coming so soon after the July agreement, do not augur well. They demonstrate just how vigilant we must continue to be.
The Vienna agreement on the Iranian nuclear programme will be a victory for international diplomacy only to the extent that it is fully and rigorously applied. In that regard, we will remain engaged in its implementation in good faith but in a spirit of watchfulness that can ensure the credibility of the agreement and that the solution to the Iranian nuclear issue will be a lasting one.