13 April 2017 - End of the MINUSTAH in Haiti [fr]
MINUSTAH - Explanation of vote by Mr Alexis Lamek, Deputy Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations - Security Council - 13 April 2017
France welcomes the adoption of resolution 2350, which closes the Mission in six months and establishes a new successor mission, which will deal with issues related to police, rule of law and human rights, in accordance with the recommendations of the Secretary-General.
This is an important decision, and we welcome the fact that the Council adopted the resolution unanimously. Thirteen years having passed since the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti was established, it was time to register the success achieved by the Mission in terms of stabilizing Haiti, and to move toward a new type of United Nations presence, one more tailored to the needs of the country and the conditions on the ground, which have evolved considerably and in a positive direction.
The work carried out by MINUSTAH in recent years will enable us to get Haiti out of the emergency situation in which it found itself until recently, by restoring a climate of relative security, participating in reconstruction efforts after the 2010 earthquake,or contributing to the substantial strengthening of the Haitian National Police — the increase in authority of which is a token of stability for the country. Much of the credit is due to the United Nations and the Council, but also to the troop-contributing countries, without which the Mission would have been unable to play its role.
The new operation, which will begin in October, is to consolidate the advances already made by making the Haitian National Police an autonomous actor. It will also engage in other major projects in the areas of the rule of law, the fight against impunity, increasing the professionalism and the independence of the judiciary, and the establishment of a correctional system that is compatible with the needs of the country and respect for the rights of detainees. The human rights situation, which remains an area of concern, should also be monitored attentively, and be the object of regular recommendations. We believe that is critical to maintaining an effective and lasting peace, and is therefore inextricably linked to other activities of the next mission.
France has long called on the Council to shoulder its responsibility with regard to the question of Haiti by taking the necessary measures to ensure that the Organization’s means of engagement in the country remain, over time, as appropriate and efficient as possible. That was done today and we are quite pleased. However, this new stage does not spell the end of United Nations engagement with Haiti. On the contrary, it demonstrates the ability of the Council to develop, in an ongoing manner, United Nations activity in the field — activity of which the primary concern is to respond in the best possible way to the needs of the people concerned. This new stage also signals the establishment of a more appropriate and more effective tool for the benefit of Haiti and Haitians.
I should like to conclude by also paying tribute to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Ms. Sandra Honoré, and to the staff of MINUSTAH.