Event on Climate and Security risks [fr]
The consequences of climate change on peace and security are considerable and repercussions are already being felt in several regions around the world. As risks know no borders, we share the responsibility of managing them collectively.
France and its partners hosted on 22 April a meeting of the Security Council in Arria formula to better assess climate-related security risks and exchange on what the UN can do to prevent climate-related conflicts.
The effects of climate change-such as degradation of arable land and diminishing water resources - are affecting the livelihoods of millions of people through increasing poverty, food insecurity and displacement. In some regions of the world, it will also affect the chances of human survival, where extreme weather events (such as heatwaves, hurricanes and floods) will be increasingly frequent and severe.
The most fragile societies and economies, which have pre-existing factors of conflict, will be among the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. This includes both immediate and extreme impacts (floods, hurricanes, and wildfires) and more gradual consequences (erratic precipitation, prolonged droughts, land degradation, ocean warming and acidification, as well as rising sea levels).
Tensions between countries will increase across all continents, as efforts are made to control arable land, fish stocks, and surface and subterranean fresh water resources, which will shrink due to global warming, in a context marked by demographic growth.
As current conflicts already show, climate impacts trigger and exacerbate existing conflicts, from the Sahel region to the Middle East. Climate change is a major risk factor for international peace and security. As risks know no borders, we share the responsibility of managing them collectively.
To address climate-related risks, it is necessary:
to develop a preventive assessment strategy of the effects of climate change on peace and security in order to raise awareness, anticipate the consequences and develop policies and measures for potentially concerned countries or regions.
to ensure that the work of the UN in countries vulnerable to the effects of climate change is climate-proofed.
France together with Germany, the Dominican Republic, Estonia, Belgium, Saint Vincent and Grenade, Niger, Tunisia, the United Kingdom and Viet Nam hosted on 22 April a meeting of the Security Council in Arria formula to better assess climate-related security risks and exchange on what the UN can do to prevent climate-related conflicts.