Fifth Committee of the United Nations General Assembly [fr]
The Fifth Committee is the General Assembly Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions.
The Fifth Committee is the General Assembly committee responsible for the UN’s administrative and budgetary issues.
Under article 17 of the UN Charter, the General Assembly approves the UN budget based on the recommendations of that committee.
- The UN’s regular budget is adopted for two years; the current budget, totaling $5.6 billion, covers 2016 and 2017.
- The UN’s budget for peacekeeping operations (PKO) is annual. This budget is $7.89 billion for the period running from July 1, 2016, to June 30, 2017, and funds 15 active missions.
The Fifth Committee holds sessions to debate and negotiate budgetary issues:
- The main session runs from September to December, at the same time as the General Assembly.
- A second session is held in May-June to deal specifically with the administrative and financial aspects of peacekeeping operations.
Urgent matters, such as those related to the financing of a new mission authorized by the Security Council, may be referred to the Fifth Committee.
Urgent matters, such as those related to the financing of a mission authorized by the Security Council, may be referred to the Fifth Committee during one of these sessions.
France is the fifth-largest financial contributor to the UN, providing 4.85% to the regular budget and 6.31% to the peacekeeping budget in 2016 (6.29% in 2017). In 2016, France provided $122 million in funding to the regular budget and $457 million to the PKO budget.
France is committed to giving the Organization the means to fulfill its ambitions, while making sure to respect the principles of budgetary discipline and controlling spending.
The latest General Assembly resolutions concerning peacekeeping grant PKOs a budget totaling $7.89 billion. This budget, down 5 % from the previous fiscal year, reflects a change in PKO mandates and enables the organization to continue its transformation into a more modern, more effective peacekeeping operation.
For example, the General Assembly has spoken out in favor of investments facilitating the deployment of new technologies on the ground (drones, projection capabilities), thus enabling PKOs to meet the challenges of the 21st century.
In June 2016, the General Assembly finally decided on a series of measures to boost the effectiveness of peacekeeping. In particular, the UN’s 193 Member States agreed to reaffirm the zero tolerance policy toward sexual abuse and to give the UN Secretary-General the necessary tools to combat such abuses.
For more information, see the infographic below on "Financing the United Nations":