France welcomes the renewal of UNAMID’s mandate [fr]
Statement by Mr. François Delattre, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations
Security Council - 28 June 2019
France welcomes the unanimous adoption of resolution 2480 (2019), which renews the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) within its current scope for one year. I welcome the presence of the Ambassador of Mali among us here today.
The resolution we just adopted sends a firm message with regard to urgently needed progress in the implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali. It defines five concrete and achievable measures that the Council would like to see fully implemented in a year’s time, and the implementation of which will be subject to an initial mid-term assessment by the Secretary-General in six months’ time. The consequences of not meeting those targets are also clearly established. Those who block the implementation of the agreement will be faced with sanctions. In that respect, we have just initiated a designation procedure with respect to five individuals responsible for obstructions, following the failure to achieve the priority objectives defined by the Council in June 2018 in the previous MINUSMA mandate. The Council has also established that any person placed on the Mali sanctions list will in practice not enjoy any support from MINUSMA or the United Nations.
Resolution 2480 (2019) also draws conclusions from the deteriorating situation in the centre of Mali. It calls upon the Malian authorities to immediately develop a comprehensive strategy to bring an end to the violence and ensure the return of the State. It encourages MINUSMA to strengthen its work in the region, which is now elevated to the level of a second strategic priority. Without questioning the primacy of support for the implementation of the peace agreement in the north, the resolution requests the Mission to ensure that sufficient resources are devoted to its mandate in the centre, building upon the efforts that have already been made in recent months, notably through the development of an emergency plan for the Mopti region and the creation of a dedicated sector. The resolution also requests the Secretary-General to conduct an assessment in six months’ time of the Mission’s capacity to implement all of the tasks that are assigned to it by the resolution in its current configuration and to potentially make recommendations in that respect.
Resolution 2480 (2019) also outlines a clear view of MINUSMA’s future by establishing that its withdrawal strategy is based on the redeployment of the Malian armed forces across the territory of Mali as well as the full operationalization of the Joint Force of the Group of Five for the Sahel (G-5 Sahel), without in any way jeopardizing the concerted efforts that have been made thus far to stabilize Mali and the Sahel. In that respect, the Security Council continues to promote partnerships among the various security presences deployed on the ground in keeping with each of their mandates. Notably in that respect, it extends the geographic perimeter of MINUSMA’s support for the G-5 Sahel Joint Force in the framework of the technical agreement, provided that any delivery beyond Mali’s borders is carried out by a third party and that there is a commitment from the Council to reconsider the provision put in place by resolution 2391 (2017) in a year’s time.
It is for all actors involved to demonstrate that this is useful in the months ahead. The Council also calls on the European Union and the United Nations to strengthen the coordination of their actions in support of security sector reform and the restoration of the presence of the State in the centre, including, if necessary, through the signing of new technical agreements between MINUSMA and the European missions. All the security presences deployed on the ground are, lastly, encouraged to ensure that their actions are complementary, through regular consultation within the national coordination body.
In accordance with the recommendations made in the context of Action for Peacekeeping, resolution 2480 (2019) gives MINUSMA a clear, practical and concise mandate. It supports the implementation of the adaptation options presented in the latest report of the Secretary-General (S/2019/454) that will allow it to continue to increase the Mission’s efficiency and effectiveness. It welcomes the measures taken in recent months to strengthen MINUSMA’s posture and encourages the continuation of efforts to strengthen the security of its personnel.
I would like to reiterate our unstinting support for the irreplaceable role played by the International Criminal Court for peace and security in Mali. Resolution 2480 (2019) recalls the importance of Mali respecting its obligations under the Rome Statute. That is an absolutely essential step on the path towards lasting stability. I would also like to recall our conviction that in the Sahel more than anywhere else it is important that the actions of the United Nations and local Governments fully take into account the impact of climate change and other environmental factors on security. Resolution 2480 (2019) recalls that, but we would like to continue to work with our partners with a view to going even further to develop the climate and security agenda within the Council.
I will conclude my statement by warmly thanking all the members of the Security Council for the open and constructive spirit that they demonstrated throughout this negotiation. The unity that is traditionally characteristic of the Council on the Malian dossier is a major advantage, allowing us to continue to play a decisive role in the promotion of peace and security in the country. We must do everything we can to maintain that and to derive the maximum benefit possible from it. That is the rationale on which the resolution we adopted today is predicated.
As this is the last time I will participate in a Security Council meeting, I would like to express my gratitude to each Council member for the partnership and the friendship that we have established and developed over the past few years.
Allow me also to very sincerely congratulate my team sitting behind me, who are a credit to public service and do France great honour.