Human trafficking [fr]
Laurence Rossignol, French Minister of Families, Children and Women’s Rights - Security Council - 15 March 2017
Trafficking in persons is one of the most profitable crimes in the world, after drug trafficking and counterfeit. It generates a yearly profit of 32 billion dollars. There are several forms of human trafficking: forced labor, domestic slavery, sexual exploitation, organs trafficking and forced criminality or begging. Whether as country of origin, transit or destination for the victims, almost every State in the world is affected by this phenomenon, which is recognized as a crime against humanity.
Every year, almost 2.5 million people are recruited by force and exploited in the world and 80% of the victims of human trafficking are women and children.
A UN Security Council open debate organized on Tuesday 21 November 2017 will address this issue and give the international community an opportunity to renew its commitment to put an end to this violating of human rights and human dignity.
The United Nations has established several tools to prevent human trafficking from spreading even faster. In 2000 the international community adopted a binding universal judicial tool: the Palermo Convention and its additional Protocol on the fight against trafficking of persons. The text aimed at preventing, repressing and punishing trafficking in persons. In the framework of this Convention, States committed to adapt their national legislation to fight against human trafficking. UN agencies such as the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) support this work.
In 2010, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a World Action Plan against trafficking in persons, encouraging the effective implementation of the Convention. A political declaration adopted last 27 September by UN Member States reaffirms the importance of this Action Plan. Finally, the United Nations created a Special rapporteur on trafficking in persons mandate, , currently hold by Mrs Maria Grazia Giammarinaro.
France is preoccupied by the trafficking in persons in conflicts situation, and by the fact that some terrorists groups have integrated this crime in their strategy. Dae’sh uses human trafficking as an act of terror, but also as a recruitment and financing method. Trans-border trafficking is also a burden in Africa, where it is used by Boko Haram and Al-Shabaab. France recently firmly condemned the inhuman treatment and violence that migrants face in Libya. Human trafficking supplies organized transnational criminality and constitutes a real underground economy destabilizing States.
That’s why France has fully supported the Security Council’s work on this issue since December 2015 (adoption of the first Presidential declaration of the Security Council on this issue S/PRST/2015/25). The adoption of Resolution 2331 of the Security Council in December 2016 is a major step towards acknowledging the link between trafficking in persons, sexual violence and terrorism.
Following the adoption of Resolution 2331, the Security Council hold a meeting on 21 November 2017, organized by the Italy’s Presidency of the Council. During this meeting the Security Council’s members voted on a new resolution of the on human trafficking in conflict situations, in order to go further in the implementation of Resolution 2331 and reinforce the commitment of the international community to put an end to this barbaric crime.