Iran must make tough choices to restore the confidence of the international community (03/24/2015) [fr]
Iran - Statememnt by Mr. François Delattre, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations - Security Council - 24 March 2015
I thank the Ambassador of Spain for the briefing he has just given us on the quarterly activities of the Committee established pursuant to resolution 1737 (2006) on sanctions against Iran. As this is his first briefing as Chair of the Committee to the Security Council, I wish to congratulate him for the speed and the seriousness with which he took charge of that Committee, which deals with a very sensitive issue, and wish him and his team my best wishes for success.
Since the adoption of the Joint Plan of Action in November 2013, which was extended a year later, the E3+3 and Iran entered intensive discussions aimed at achieving, before the end of June 2015, a comprehensive agreement that would establish the exclusively peaceful purpose of Iran’s nuclear programme. The negotiations between the six countries and Iran are now in a decisive phase. Our position has been consistent throughout the discussions. Iran has every right to develop energy nuclear for civilian purposes, but under no circumstances should it have access to nuclear weapons. All our demands during the negotiations are based on that principle. It is a simple position based on our rejection of nuclear proliferation.
In past weeks, the discussions between the six and Iran enabled progress to be made, but such progress remains, to date, insufficient. Despite the many proposals by the E3+3, differences with Iran remain, in particular on research and development and the settlement of the question of sanctions. Iran must now make tough choices if it truly wants to restore the confidence of the international community. With our partners in the group of six, we are determined to reach a good agreement, that is to say a robust and solid agreement that would establish and guarantee in the long term the exclusively peaceful purpose of Iran’s nuclear programme.
Cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is, in this respect, an essential part of the resolution of the proliferation crisis with Iran. The IAEA has confirmed a few days ago that Iran is respecting, at this stage, its obligations related to the Joint Plan of Action of November 2013. However, the most recent report of the IAEA General Director on the implementation of safeguards in Iran states that, with respect to the possible military dimensions of Iran’s nuclear programme, cooperation with Iran is at a standstill, having not seen any progress since August 2014. The IAEA Director General confirmed that yesterday in Washington, D. C
Therefore, Iran has not proposed new practical measures, and, with respect to the existing approved measures in the framework of cooperation of May 2014, Iran has given no explanation for the initiation of high explosives and neutron transport calculations. That situation is of concern. The resolution of all issues related to the possible military dimensions of Iran’s nuclear programme is a key element for restoring confidence and therefore for the long-term agreement that we all want.
Finally, the Chair’s report rightly points out that the measures contained in the Security Council’s resolutions regarding Iran remain in full force pending a comprehensive settlement of the Iranian proliferation crisis and of any changes that the Security Council may decide on. Until then, the Sanctions Committee should continue to fulfil its responsibilities, and I thank the Panel of Experts for continuing to support it in that task.