Iran must refrains from any destabilizing activities [fr]
Non-proliferation - Statement by Mr François Delattre, Permament Representative of France to the United Nations - Security Council - 18 July 2016
I thank Jeffrey Feltman, the Permanent Representative of Spain and the head of the Delegation of the European Union for their briefings.
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action agreed in Vienna and resolution 2231 (2015), which endorsed it, are a year old. At the time of their adoption, we paid tribute to an historic moment for international peace and security. After more than a decade of concern by the international community in facing the Iranian proliferation crisis, the Vienna agreement has paved the way for the re-establishment of trust in the exclusively peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear programme, thereby consolidating the non-proliferation regime.
Where are we one year after the conclusion of the agreement? The International Atomic Energy Agency has continued its verification and surveillance activities of Iran’s implementation of its commitments on the nuclear component under the Vienna agreement, and it has done so without any impediment.
We will continue to ensure the rigorous implementation of all nuclear provisions under the Vienna agreement, which remains a priority for us.
As required by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Iran has the right to use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. The Vienna agreement has defined the framework for the development of civilian nuclear cooperation with Iran. France is committed to the implementation of the agreement in all its dimensions. That is why our two countries have held discussions on bilateral cooperation in the field of nuclear fusion, within the framework defined by the agreement.
With regard to the lifting of sanctions, I wish to emphasize that we have met all our commitments under the Vienna agreement since the 16 January 2016 implementation date.
The French Government, in line with its European Union partners, has provided all the necessary information and guidance on the scope of the sanctions that have been lifted.
The lifting of sanctions is already beginning to bear fruit, as the resumption of Iran’s oil exports, among other examples, attest. We also understand Iran’s concerns about the slowness of the effects on its economy of lifting sanctions. We have spared no effort to provide companies with the necessary clarifications on the lifting of sanctions, and will continue to do so. We call on all our partners to continue their efforts on that issue.
However, I would like to point out that other factors also come into play when a business decides to invest in Iran.
For the lifting of sanctions to be fully felt in the Iranian economy, it is also incumbent upon Tehran to create an environment of trust for businesses.
I now come to my final point. We are concerned about the numerous reports on Iran’s non-compliance on several important provisions of resolution 2231 (2015) over the course of the past six months.
That information is detailed in the Secretary-General’s report (S/2016/589) just presented to us. In that regard, I thank the Secretary-General for his report, which is comprehensive, factual and balanced and lays the foundation for rigorous monitoring of the implementation of resolution 2231 (2015) in the coming years.
Iran’s destabilizing actions are numerous. I will list just a few.
- Last March, Iran launched several ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons, contrary to the provisions of paragraph 3, annex B, of resolution 2231 (2015). France, in collaboration with its European 3+1 partners, has therefore notified the Security Council.
- In addition, the United States and France informed the Security Council of two Iranian weapons seizures, last June and July, respectively, constituting violations of paragraph 6 (b) of annex B of resolution 2231 (2015).
- Finally, we are equally concerned about information relating to travel abroad by Major General Qasem Soleimani, who is still subject to travel restrictions imposed by the Security Council, as confirmed by resolution 2231 (2015).
We believe it is essential for international security and the stability of the region that Iran refrain from any destabilizing and dangerous activities.
In conclusion, I appeal to all parties to redouble their efforts for the rigorous implementation of all the provisions of the Vienna agreement and resolution 2231 (2015).
The Vienna agreement and the adoption of resolution 2231 (2015) will be a singular diplomatic success if the measures of the provisions are rigorously
France will ensure throughout the process that the Security Council remains quite vigilant.