June 2020: French Presidency of the Security Council [fr]
Within the United Nations, the Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. Its decisions are binding and apply to all UN member states.
As a founding member of the United Nations when it was created 75 years ago and as a permanent member of the Security Council, France plays a leading role in matters relating to peace and security, both in the drafting of resolutions and in their implementation.
The Presidency plays an important role in the functioning of the Security Council : it establishes the programme of work for the month, coordinates the work, prepares and chairs meetings, ensuring the proper conduct of debates, and makes public the Council’s decisions and statements.
Due to the current health crisis related to the COVID-19 pandemic, no more physical meetings are being held in the UN building for the time being. The Security Council had to adapt its working methods and its sessions have been held since March by visioconference - methods that will continue under the French Presidency.
After Belgium in February, Estonia, France and Germany take over the Presidency of the Security Council from May to July.
This "European Spring" will be an opportunity to convey the values that buttress the European Union and the United Nations.
At a time when the international community is facing multiple challenges, France intends to contribute to the effectiveness of the work of the Security Council, which is fully committed to a multilateral response to international challenges. France’s priorities will focus in particular on :
- peace and security in Africa with meetings on operations in Mali – the mandate of MINUSMA to be renewed before 30 June -, in the DRC, South Sudan and the situation in the Sahel ;
- crises in the Middle East, in particular in Syria and Yemen, as well as non-proliferation, with the follow-up meeting on the implementation of Resolution 2231 on Iran and the JCPoA ;
- the protection of the most vulnerable, namely refugees and children in armed conflict, especially in the context of the current health crisis.
Throughout the month, the Council will also assess the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on the maintenance of international peace and security, including peacekeeping operations.
To follow all the news of the Council, follow us on Twitter with @franceonu and #FrPrez.