L’AMISOM must continue its reconfiguration [fr]
Statement by Mr. Samer Melki, Security Council Deputy Coordinator
Security Council– 22 may 2019
First of all, I would like to thank the briefers for their very detailed presentations. I will make three key points.
First, in the context of a fragile security and humanitarian situation, we are concerned about the delays in implementing the transition plan and the commitments made in the security agreement signed in London in May 2017, as well as in the integration of regional forces into the national security architecture, as highlighted in the report of the United Nations- African Union (AU) joint review of the African Union Military Observer Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).
The resumption of a constructive dialogue between the Somali Federal Government and the federal member states is also necessary in order to bring to a successful conclusion as soon as possible the work on federalism, the constitutional review and the preparation of the elections scheduled for 2020 to 2021. The economic progress made by the Somali authorities shows that when there is the political will, genuine progress is possible. We would have liked that political will to have been more clearly reflected at the recent Garowe meeting in Puntland, which we nevertheless hope will pave the way for the resumption of an effective dialogue.
Secondly, for the security transition to be successful, we believe that AMISOM must continue its reconfiguration in support of the transition plan. I take this opportunity to pay a warm tribute to the work of AMISOM, whose staff are deployed in a particularly difficult context. The ongoing Badbaado operation, in which AMISOM is supporting the Somali army in the liberation of areas in southern Mogadishu, is an example of good cooperation in support of the implementation of the transition plan.
In that context, we believe that it is possible and necessary to continue a moderate reduction in the AMISOM troop ceiling in order to continue to encourage implementation of the security transition. It is not a matter of withdrawing troops from particularly sensitive areas or from Mogadishu but from more stable areas. We also believe that it is essential that new partners, in particular those identified in the report of the United Nations and African Union Special Envoys on the financing of AMISOM, commit themselves and participate in the such financing. Given with the number of requests for support from the African Union, the European Union cannot continue to finance the salaries of AMISOM soldiers alone.
Finally, and this is my third and last point, I would like to return to the issue of the cooperation of the Somali authorities with the United Nations. If the international community is to continue to support Somalia, that support must be in the context of cooperation based on shared commitments and mutual respect. That is the approach adopted by the European Union and its member States. We therefore look forward to a resumption of the full cooperation of the Somali federal authorities with the United Nations, as requested by the Council in resolution 2461 (2019) on UNSOM, in particular when the new Special Representative of the Secretary-General is appointed, an appointment that we hope will soon be made.
I would to conclude by asking our briefers a question. Can they inform us of the prospects for implementing the transition plan and for integrating regional forces into the national security architecture.