Libya: introduction of sexual violence as a designation criterion for sanctions [fr]
Libya/Renewal of the sanctions regime
Explanation of vote by Mr. François Delattre, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations
Security Council – 5 November 2018
On behalf of France, I would first like to express to the Chinese presidency of the Security Council our warmest wishes for success this month.
France supported the renewal of the sanctions regime against Libya for an additional 15 months and welcomes the adoption of resolution 2441 (2018). It is critical to maintain a constructive dynamic within the Council on this issue that will enable us to develop a positive vision of the stages to come and to help ensure overall stability in Libya in a context in Tripoli that is extremely fragile, as we have seen this month.
Although the text of the renewal is essentially technical, it includes certain welcome additions that strengthen the sanctions regime, specifically the introduction of sexual and gender-based violence as a designation criterion for sanctions. That is an important step forward in the Libyan context, and its proper implementation must be achieved.
The text maintains and strengthens the mechanisms in force with regard to the illicit export of all types of petroleum products. It reaffirms that Libya’s oil resources must remain under the exclusive control of the Government of National Accord and the Tripoli-based National Oil Corporation for the benefit of all Libyans. The resolution also helps to safeguard the arms embargo provision, which is critical. In the light of the ongoing instability, building a unified national security architecture, under the control of the civilian authority, is a top priority.
Lastly, the text reaffirms the Council’s support for the Government of National Accord and the urgent need to arrive at a political solution. It is critical to persevere in our initiatives along two lines — on the one hand, combating all those who jeopardize the tenuous political balance and exploit the situation to divert Libyan economic resources, which must remain a priority for us; on the other hand, fully supporting the efforts of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya and the Special Representative of the Secretary- General for Libya to advance the democratic transition in Libya. Libyan stakeholders must work on this together with Special Representative Ghassan Salamé, whose initiatives we fully support, without extending the deadlines.
Respect for the commitments undertaken in Paris is essential to move beyond the status quo, which only prolongs the instability. It is more important than ever before for the Council to remain united and mobilized around these shared goals, and the Council can count on France’s commitment to that end.