Mali : France welcomes the renewal of MINUSMA mandate [fr]
Explanation of vote by Mr François Delattre, Permanent Representative of France to the United NationsRetour ligne automatique
Security Council - 28 June 2018
I wish to begin by telling the delegation of Côte d’Ivoire how deeply moved I have been by the letter that has just been read out and how profoundly present our late colleague remains in our memory and our hearts. His wisdom, as reported by his spouse, is and will remain a source of inspiration to us. France welcomes the unanimous adoption of resolution 2423 (2018), renewing the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) for a period of one year.
Let us be blunt — this renewal is not like the previous ones. It is accompanied by a strong political message to the Malian parties that maintaining the current configuration of a mission as important and exposed as MINUSMA must necessarily be accompanied by substantial progress in the peace process. The resolution we have just adopted therefore sets out a precise list of priority measures — taken directly from the road map approved by the Malian parties — whose implementation will be followed with the greatest attention. It asks the Secretary-General to provide an update on that implementation in a specific report six months after the inauguration of the next President of Mali. It expresses the Council’s intention to seek options for a possible significant adaptation of MINUSMA in the absence of substantial progress in the implementation of these priority measures. Lastly, it emphasizes that the non-implementation of the road map provisions by the announced deadline would also lead the Council to consider sanctions against those responsible for setting up those obstacles.
Everyone must therefore assume their responsibilities for creating conditions conducive to maintaining the exceptional level of international commitment enjoyed by Mali. That will be possible only with the urgent and unprecedented mobilization of the Malian parties for the implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali. The progress made in recent weeks is encouraging, but it must imperatively be continued and amplified.
In accordance with the recommendations of the Secretary-General and the conclusions of the strategic review, resolution 2423 (2018) provides MINUSMA with a clearer and more realistic mandate through greater prioritization of its tasks. It recognizes that the Mission is intended to interact with the other security presence deployed in the Malian theatre — the Malian armed forces, the Joint Force, of the Group of Five for the Sahel, the European missions and Operation Barkhane —whose actions are mutually reinforcing. It asks MINUSMA to better inform local actors about the characteristics and specificities of its mandate. It invites the Secretary-General to take further steps to strengthen the security of the Mission, which is our shared priority, while welcoming the progress made in recent months in implementing the recommendations of the report prepared by Lieutenant General (Retired) Carlos Alberto dos Santos Cruz, entitled “Improving Security of United Nations Peacekeepers”. Finally, it calls on MINUSMA and the Malian Government to take fully into account in their actions the security impacts of climate change and other environmental factors.
The text we have just adopted also expresses the Council’s collective concern with regard to the ongoing deterioration of the situation in the centre and the threats it poses to the protection of civilians. It recalls that only a balanced approach, combining security response and development and governance efforts, can create the conditions for sustainable stabilization. It expresses serious concern about the allegations of human rights violations attributed to the Malian armed forces and notes with satisfaction the measures announced by the Malian authorities in this regard, while underlining the importance of their rapid and full implementation.
Finally, resolution 2243 (2018) recalls the need for future elections to be held in ways that guarantee the credibility of their results. It lends its full support to the good offices played by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General in recent weeks, and calls for the continuation of a constructive dialogue between the Government and the opposition on all of these issues.
Before concluding, I wish to reaffirm here our unwavering support for the irreplaceable role played by the International Criminal Court in favour of peace and security in Mali. The conviction of the jihadist Al-Mahdi for attacks on the cultural and religious heritage of Timbuktu, as well as the forthcoming trial of Al Hassan Ag Abdoul Aziz Ag Mohamed Ag Mahmoud for crimes committed during the occupation of northern Mali by jihadist groups, testify to the concrete contribution of the Court to the fight against impunity in Mali. The resolution that we have adopted today calls on the Malian authorities to pursue their righteous cooperation with the Court, in accordance with their obligations under the Rome Statute. That is an absolutely essential point on the road to lasting stability in Mali.
Finally, I want to warmly thank all members of the Security Council for the open and constructive spirit they demonstrated throughout the negotiations. The unity that traditionally characterizes the Council on the Malian file is a major asset, enabling us to continue to play a decisive role in favour of peace and security in that country. We must do everything we can to maintain and make the most of it. That is the logic with which the resolution we adopted today is fully in line.