Mali/Sanctions: what is at stake is much too important [fr]
Mali / Sanctions: Vote explanation - Security Council - Intervention of Mr. François Delattre, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations - 5 september 2017
"We are aware that sanctions alone cannot resolve the situation. We see them as an additional tool to promote the implementation of the Peace Agreement." François Delattre
France welcomes the unanimous adoption of resolution 2374 (2017), which establishes a specific sanctions regime on Mali.
The adoption of resolution 2374 (2017) is the result of a request by the Malian Government to the Security Council to establish a sanctions regime, without delay, in
order to meet the numerous challenges in implementing the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, and in overcoming serious threats to the fragile gains made thus far.
The idea to impose sanctions on those hindering the implementation of the peace agreement is not a new one. It is clearly stipulated in the text of the Agreement and therefore formally endorsed by all signatories. It has been mentioned on several occasions. by the Agreement Monitoring Committee in response to the deadlock. The Secretary-General has often called for such sanctions in his quarterly reports on the situation in Mali, and the Security Council has supported the idea in its most recent resolutions on Mali.
The Malian Government believes — and we share that belief — that it is time to take further steps on the issue by implementing a specific sanctions regime on Mali. The peace process is now at a critical juncture, more than two years after the Agreement was signed. Although progress has been satisfactory, political will has been lacking, to some extent, and certain activities pose a serious threat to the gains already made. The
sanctions regime will complement in a useful way the range of tools that we have available to us collectively to help Mali with its recovery. It also sends a very strong and dissuasive political message capable of changing the behaviour of actors on the ground. It will provide credibility to the Council in its support of the effective implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, in favour of which we have been arguing for a number of months without, to date, being able to achieve the desired results. It is also a means of accompanying the work of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) on the political aspect.
Resolution 2374 (2017), which we have just adopted, puts in place a sanctions regime that takes the form of a travel ban and assets freeze, under criteria that were designated in keeping with the guidelines set out by the Peace Agreement with respect to violations of the ceasefire and obstruction of the implementation of the Agreement. We have added to that attacks on various institutions that were established by the Agreement, the Malian armed forces, United Nations staff and other forms of international presence, as well as other criteria connected with all forms of trafficking, violations of human rights, obstruction of the dispatch of humanitarian assistance, and the use of children in armed conflict.
In order to move forward in a gradual and appropriate manner, France has chosen to suggest to its partners in the Council that we take the first step of creating a regime without attaching, at this stage, a list of persons or entities that would be subject to sanctions. That possibility, however, is still fully open if it turns out to be necessary in the future to further bolster the pressure on certain actors that do not adhere to their
We are aware that sanctions alone cannot resolve the situation. We see them as an additional tool to promote the implementation of the Peace Agreement, along with the necessary mobilization of the international community, regional actors and MINUSMA. Today, it is vital that we make as much progress as possible. Time is not on our side, and the implementation of the Malian Peace Agreement is one of the keys to the stabilization of the situation in the Sahel, to which the Council is committed.
The establishment of this new sanctions regime today places the actors involved in bringing about peace in Mali before their commitments and sends a strong political message with respect to the determination of the Council to use every means available to it to help Mali achieve peace and stability, and to encourage significant progress in the implementation of the Agreement in the weeks to come. Anyone who impedes this process must realize that the Council will no longer tolerate their action. What is at stake is much too important, and we know the impact of the situation in Mali for the stability of the entire Sahel region, and the relevant consequences with regard to the security of the rest of the world.