North Korea is a 4G threat to peace and security
North Korea ; Syria; Sanctions - Remarks to the press by Mr. François Delattre, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations - 3 August 2017
On DPRK, you know our position. In our views, DPRK is a 4G threat to international peace and security: global, grave, given and growing. That’s why we call for a firm and quick reaction of the international community, and the adoption of strong additional sanctions by the Security Council in particular.
Of course you will ask me: ‘how are the negotiations doing?’ I believe it is important to keep in mind that we all share the same goal with respect to DPRK. The development of the nuclear and ballistic program of DPRK has become a threat, as I said, to the international community as a whole. So, our common interest is to stop it without delay and to bring DPRK back to the negotiating table.
In this respect, the last two launches have put us at a critical juncture and the credibility of the Security Council is clearly at stake. Only, in our views, a maximum diplomatic pressure is likely to have an impact on DPRK’s behavior before it’s too late. This is why we are fully part of the ongoing efforts and would like to see a resolution with robust and additional sanctions adopted in the very coming days. Negotiations are making some progress, we are making collectively some progress toward a resolution and we hope it can be adopted the sooner the better.
The sooner the better.
The process is going on.
Q: Do you think, North Korea now is capable of reaching French territories or other European territories?
This a fair question. I am not an expert. What I can tell you is that this is not a regional threat anymore. This is, as I said, a global threat. And we take it very seriously.
The draft resolution is being negotiated as we speak and we are making some progress.
I don’t want to enter in the specifics.
Q: On something different, what about this meeting that you are going into, on sanctions? What is France’s position? I know there was a draft resolution that hasn’t been agreed.
Sanctions are a key tool at the disposal of the Security Council. And as such, it is perfectly legitimate to have a discussion about them. Sanctions are a key tool whether they are targeting a terrorist, notably Daesh, or aiming at increasing pressure on individuals who are threatening peace and stability of some country or even regions.
These are two different cases where sanctions are important. There are never a goal or the end of the process in themselves. But there are a tool and must be assessed as such. It is absolutely crucial that all states remain fully committed to implementing sanctions when the Council decides to use these tools. And this briefing will be a good opportunity to discuss sanctions I would say in a transversal and comprehensive manner and to exchange on ways to improve their effectiveness.
So we welcome this initiative of Egypt. With respect to the resolution, unfortunately, no consensus has been reached so far on the draft resolution presented by Egypt but we remain, of course, ready to continue the conversation with all the Council members should Egypt decide to continue the negotiations.
This is, we believe, an important initiative. I have strong personal memories of what we were able to do in 1993/94/95, in Bosnia, when we put in place a contact group, that was able:
Number one, to unite the positions of the key players, of the P5 in particular, making sure, at that time, that the Europeans, the Americans and the Russians were on the same page.
And making sure, secondly, that based on this unity of the key players; we could give a boost to the political process, which in Bosnia let to the Dayton process signed in Paris, you remember that.
Mutatis Mutandis, that’s what we want to do in Syria. We think that there is a window of opportunity. We think that the key players, and among them the P5 first of all, can unite and must do their best efforts to unite on a position - that would be very important in itself. And then, we would make the Contact Group, with the five permanent members of the Security Council and the key regional players in particular, a driving force to promote and to boost the political process that we need in Syria.
By definition, we are open minded on everything that can increase the effectiveness of this key tool of the Security Council.