Security Council renews the sanctions regime on the Central African Republic [fr]
CAR/ Renewal of the sanctions regime
Explanation of vote by Mr François Delattre, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations
Security Council – 31 January 2019
As the penholder, France welcomes the unanimous adoption of resolution 2454 (2019), which renews the sanctions regime on the Central African Republic. In a context characterized by the holding of direct dialogue in Khartoum between the Government of the Central African Republic and armed groups under the auspices of the African Initiative for Peace and Reconciliation in the Central African Republic, the resolution demonstrates the consensus and the great importance that the Security Council attaches to the situation in the Central African Republic, and we welcome that. I would like to emphasize two points with regard to the resolution that the Council has just adopted. It sends a clear message to our Central African partners, which rightly expect a great deal of the Council.
First, the resolution shows a real openness on the part of the Security Council to the request expressed by the authorities of the Central African Republic regarding the arms embargo. Their message was clearly heard. The Security Council undertakes to establish no later than 30 April a specific, operational road map that within a few months could lead to an easing of the arms embargo. That openness is based first on the need for the authorities of the Central African Republic to re-equip and train their defence and security forces so that they can contribute to the security of all citizens in the Central African Republic. That openness is also based on the acknowledgement of genuine progress made by the Central African authorities in three areas: reform of the security sector; the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) process of former members of the armed groups; and the management of weapons and ammunition. Lastly, that openness is realistic, since the Security Council acknowledges that there is still some progress to be made by the Central African authorities in the short term.
As a sign of the Security Council’s strong commitment, the resolution also establishes a clear timeline by requesting that a report of the Secretary- General be submitted by 31 July in order to take stock of the progress made by the Central African authorities in the three areas that I have just mentioned, that is, in terms of security sector reform, DDR and the management of weapons and ammunition. The resolution also stipulates that following that report, the Security Council will meet by 30 September to decide on the possibility of easing the arms embargo.
Ultimately, the resolution therefore clearly paves the way for a change in the arms embargo regime by the summer of 2019. Of course, by 30 June, the Central African authorities should report to the Committee established pursuant to resolution 2127 (2013) concerning the Central African Republic on the progress achieved. The Central African authorities can also continue to enjoy exemptions to the arms embargo. Lastly, they can continue to benefit from the support of their partners to strengthen the capacities of their defence and security forces.
We have always affirmed that, in the case of the Central African Republic, the sanctions have never been seen as an end in themselves but always as a way to contribute to our common goal, namely, the stabilization and restoration of lasting peace in the Central African Republic.
With the unanimous adoption of the resolution, the Security Council is sending a broader message. First, we are sending a clear message of support to President Faustin Archange Touadera in his efforts to promote peace and reconciliation among all Central Africans and of solidarity with the people of the Central African Republic, who are the primary victims of the ongoing violence perpetrated by the armed groups. It is also a strong message of support for the African Initiative for Peace and Reconciliation in the Central African Republic, for we all know that the solution to the Central African crisis can only be political. In that context, we welcome the talks being held in Khartoum under the auspices of the African Union with a view to promoting peace between the Government of the Central African Republic and armed groups. They are absolutely crucial to the peace process, and we hope that they will lead to tangible results.
Before I conclude, since this is the last open meeting of the Security Council for January, I would like to warmly thank and congratulate you and your entire team, Mr. President, for the excellent work that you have done throughout your presidency.