South Sudan: relaunch the 2015 Agreement [fr]
South Sudan - Speech by Mrs. Anne Gueguen, Deputy Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations - Security Council - 28 November
I would like to thank Assistant Secretary-General Bintou Keita for her very informative briefing on the situation in South Sudan, the work of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) and the importance of the Security Council’s role and support.
The initiative undertaken in July to hold a revitalization forum represents a significant step in the efforts to relaunch the 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan and advance its implementation. The Agreement is still the cornerstone of the political process and, if fully implemented with the support of all relevant stakeholders, could help to bring the stabilization that South Sudan so badly needs. France therefore reiterates its full support for the forum and for the efforts of the Special Envoy of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the African Union High Representative, the Special Envoy of the United Nations Secretary-General and his Special Representative for South Sudan to get the process moving. In that regard, we welcome the consultations that have been held in the past few weeks with the various parties with the aim of putting an inclusive process in place. It is vital that substantial progress be made quickly and before the end of the year, at the latest. We hope that the special regional envoys will be able to update the Council on the status of the efforts at a future meeting.
As the Council, IGAD and the African Union have stated repeatedly, the parties must engage in the process in good faith. We therefore call on them to fully participate and quickly identify the modalities for implementing the peace agreement, or we will have to consider imposing sanctions on the individuals trying to impede the process.
The international community must continue its efforts to provide the necessary support to the people of South Sudan and make ending the suffering of women and children a priority. The people of South Sudan continues to endure insecurity, violence, threats of violence, the spectre of famine and malnutrition and horrendous humanitarian conditions. In that regard, we condemn anyone obstructing the efforts of UNMISS and the humanitarian workers supporting them. Ms. Keita has rightly asked for the Council’s support in this. Blocking UNMISS patrols and arresting and intimidating its officers and humanitarian personnel cannot be permitted. UNMISS must be able to fulfil the mandate entrusted to it by the Council. We call on the Government of South Sudan to fully comply with its commitments under the status of forces agreement, as well as its own commitments on the deployment of the Regional Protection Force. The international community must be prepared to take every possible measure that could help to reduce the violence. An arms embargo would contribute to that.
Lasting peace also implies ensuring that crimes and human rights violations do not go unpunished. Establishing the Hybrid Court provided for in the peace agreement, in which the African Union would play a leading role, would help. UNMISS also contributes to that through the investigations it conducts into such acts in accordance with its mandate. We are particularly concerned about the information gathered by the Panel of Experts of the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 2206 (2015) concerning South Sudan on abuses allegedly committed in Wau and parts of Upper Nile, which should be fully clarified.