Syria : silence is no longer an option [fr]
Syria - Statement by Mr. François Delattre, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations - Security Council - 14 April 2018
A week after the chemical weapons massacre in Douma, and in the wake of last night’s air strikes, I want to reiterate right now to those who are pretending to wonder if France has any doubt at all about the Assad regime’s responsibility for this attack. This morning we published a report compiled by our intelligence services. We invite those who, once again, are attempting to dispute the evidence and misrepresent the facts to the world to refer to this report.
For years, Bashar al-Assad has, with the active support of his allies, been pursuing a strategy of destruction aimed at crushing any opposition, in contempt of the most basic humanitarian principles and at the cost of the lives of hundreds of thousands of civilians in Syria. We’ve seen this in Aleppo, in Homs, in eastern Ghouta. For years, the Syrian regime has been using the most terrifying weapons of destruction – chemical weapons – to massacre and terrorize its civilian population. This was further demonstrated in Douma, as we’ve seen before in Khan Sheikhoun, Sarmin, Talmens and Qmenas, where the Damascus regime’s responsibility was clearly established by the OPCW-UN Joint Investigative Mechanism. No one can say that they did not know.
For years, the Syrian regime has been systematically and repeatedly violating all of its international obligations. The list of its violations is long; it is overwhelming. We are all aware of them:
The violation of all international obligations relating to chemical weapons under the Chemical Weapons Convention, to which Syria has been a party since 2013, and the 1925 Geneva Protocol, which prohibits their use against civilians;
The violation of the very foundations of international humanitarian law, namely the principles of distinction, precaution and proportionality
The violation of successive Security Council resolutions - 2118, 2209, 2235 – and hence Syria’s obligations under the UN Charter.
Lastly, the use of chemical weapons against civilian populations constitutes a war crime under the Statute of the International Criminal Court. The UN Secretary-General even described the use of chemical weapons as a crime against humanity in August 2013.
In the face of the repeated and documented violations by the Damascus regime of all of the rules on which our security is based, France has continuously called for strong action by the international community. We have made every effort to ensure that these horrors do not remain without consequence at the UN or the OPCW, and that they are brought to an end. The Security Council pledged through its successive resolutions - 2118, 2209, 2235 – to impose enforcement measures under Chapter VII of the UN Charter in the event of further violations. It was prevented from taking action in accordance with its commitments due to Russia’s systematic vetoes. By systematically exercising its veto at the Security Council, Russia has failed to honor the commitment it made before this Council to guarantee the destruction of Syria’s chemical weapons arsenal.
The blocking of the Security Council in the face of the mass atrocities committed in Syria is a deadly and dangerous trap from which we must escape.
When it ordered the chemical attack on April 7, the Syrian regime was fully aware of the consequences. Once again, it wanted to test the international community’s tolerance threshold – and it found it. In the face of this attack against the principles, values and laws that underpin the actions of the United Nations, silence is no longer an option. We cannot tolerate the normalization of the use of chemical weapons, which poses an immediate danger to the Syrian people and to our collective security. We cannot let the deadly genie of proliferation out of the bottle. We issued a clear warning to the Assad regime and its supporters: We cannot stand idly by in the face of such a transgression. We have acted in accordance with our word and our responsibility. We have done so within a controlled and transparent framework, while taking care to avoid any escalation with the actors present on the ground. President Macron and the French minister of foreign affairs spoke on this issue.
Some actors, who have been flouting the most basic rules of international law for years, are now saying that our action would be contrary to the UN Charter. I would remind them that the UN Charter was not designed to protect criminals.
Our action is fully in line with the goals and values proclaimed in the very first lines of the UN Charter. The purpose of our organization is to “establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained.” This action was necessary in order to address the repeated violations by the Syrian regime of its obligations – obligations arising from law, treaties and its own commitments. Lastly, our response was developed within a proportionate framework, restricted to specific objectives. The main research center of this program and two important production sites were hit. Through these objectives, Syria’s capacity to develop, refine and manufacture chemical weapons has been rendered inoperative. That was the only goal and it was achieved.
My country, which experienced first-hand the devastating effects of chemical weapons during World War I, will never again tolerate impunity for the use of chemical weapons. It will never refrain from identifying those responsible for it, who must be brought to justice. That is the purpose of the Partnership against Impunity that we launched in January.
Allow me to insist on this point: last night’s airstrikes are a necessary response to the chemical massacres in Syria; they are a response in keeping with the law and our political strategy to bringing an end to the Syrian tragedy.
To be more specific we have four imperative when it comes to Syria – four imperatives that – as the UN Secretary-General noted, and I want to thank him for his speech - are in the immediate interest of the Syrians and that of the entire international community.
1. First, ensuring the dismantlement of the Syrian chemical program in a verifiable, irreversible way. We must spare no effort to put in place an international mechanism to establish responsibility, prevent impunity, and keep the Syrian regime from engaging in repeat behavior.
2. Second, eradicating terrorism by permanently eliminating Daesh. This is a long-term commitment that requires even greater efforts in order to achieve a definitive victory.
3. Third, establishing a ceasefire throughout all of Syria and humanitarian access to civilian populations, as required under Security Council resolutions. We need full, unhindered humanitarian access in order to aid populations in distress, in accordance with resolution 2401. It is essential and urgent for humanitarian conveys to enter Eastern Ghouta daily and in sufficiently secure conditions.
4. Fourth, working together to build a plan to end the crisis that offers a lasting political solution. We can only resolve the Syrian crisis in the long run within the framework of an inclusive political solution based on the full implementation of this Council’s resolution 2254. We have been calling for this for seven years; it has never been more urgent to implement it and to restart real negotiations under the auspices of the UN in order to bring about a political transition in Syria.
Only this roadmap will enable us to end the deadlock over Syria, and France is ready to join forces with all those who are ready to make every effort in this regard.
In this spirit, at France’s initiative and in line with President Macron’s statement this evening, we will soon introduce a draft resolution on these various tracks, with our British and American partners.
In that regard, I call first and foremost on Russia to finally pressure the Damascus regime to think in terms of a negotiated solution, and to finally end the interminable suffering of Syria’s civilian populations.