Terrorism: It is important to adapt our efforts to the evolution of the threat. [fr]
Briefing of the Committees 1267, 1373 et 1540
Statement by Mr. Samer Melki, Deputy Political Coordinator at the French Permanent Mission to the United Nations
Security Council - 3 October 2018
I join all those who thanked the United States for its able leadership of the Security Council during September, which is always an exceptional month, and I congratulate Bolivia for its accession to the presidency of the Council for October and its very compact and relevant programme of work.
I would like to begin by thanking Ambassadors Meza-Cuadra, Umarov and Llorentty Solíz for their detailed briefings and committed leadership, respectively, of the Committees established pursuant to resolutions 1373 (2001), 1267 (1999) and 1540.
Terrorism and nuclear proliferation are today among the greatest threats to international peace and security.
Let me touch briefly the activities of each Committee.
First, with regard to the 1267 Committee, which is responsible for sanctions against Da’esh and Al-Qaida, as its Chair pointed out, although Da’esh has suffered major military defeats, the group continues to pose a complex threat and inspire radicalized individuals to act. The end of its territorial control does not signify the end of the terrorist threat posed by Da’esh, but has only made it more diffuse, as has been pointed out more than once today. Its own autonomous capacities for producing and using chemical weapons have not vanished. Al-Qaida also remains very active in certain areas, such as the Sahel and the Arabian peninsula. In that regard, the 1267 Committee is carrying out two critical missions. First of all, it is analysing the terrorist threat through the reports of the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team, which serve as valuable tools for Member States. France encourages all States to cooperate with the Team in strengthening its analyses.
Secondly, concerning the implementation and rigorous monitoring of the sanctions list, which is the largest of all United Nations sanctions regimes, we encourage every State to continue to submit listing requests. For that regime to remain credible and effective, it is also essential that its procedures respect the basic freedoms of those on the list. France welcomes Mr. Daniel Kipfer Fasciati, who assumed his functions as Ombudsperson to the ISIL (Da’esh) and Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee this summer, and encourages all States to continue to cooperate with the Office of the Ombudsperson, whose work is critical for the sanctions regime.
My second point concerns the Counter-Terrorism Committee, which also carries out two major functions in complementarity. The first is to raise States’ awareness of new trends characterizing the constantly evolving terrorist threat. The Committee’s special meetings — for example, our meeting next week on the links between terrorism and organized crime — provide an excellent means for sharing information and reflecting on specific issues. The second function of the Counter-Terrorism Committee is to consider how States are implementing the relevant Security Council resolutions in the many areas that fall under its purview, namely, monitoring foreign terrorist fighters, countering the financing of terrorism and combating propaganda and incitement to commit terrorist acts. It is essential that States allow visits by the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate so that it can audit their counter-terrorism systems and provide appropriate recommendations, particularly with regard to technical assistance. France also encourages pursuing joint meetings between the Counter-Terrorism Committee and the 1267 Committee so as to address analysis on the terrorist threat and assess the implementation of Security Council resolutions.
Lastly, I would like to say a few words about the important work being done by the 1540 Committee under the chairmanship of Bolivia. The risk that radiological, biological, chemical and nuclear materials and vectors fall into the hands of terrorists is, as I have said, a proven danger. We have seen it in Syria and Iraq, and it has been clearly established by the Joint Investigative Mechanism of the United Nations and the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons that Da’esh has used yperite on at least two occasions in Syria. Added to that are the uncertainties that weigh on the comprehensiveness of the Syrian declaration on its chemical programme made to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, while the potential existence of residual capabilities on Syrian territory only increases those risks.
It is therefore more important than ever to adapt our efforts to the evolution of the threat. We are particularly concerned about transfers to the Middle East of goods and technologies related to vectors designed to be able to carry weapons of mass destruction. Progress in the implementation of resolution 1540 (2004) and subsequent resolutions is tangible at the national and regional levels. The vast majority of United Nation States Members have now adopted measures incorporating the provisions of the resolution into their national legislation. Whether it concerns securing sensitive materials and goods, strengthening border controls or even, where necessary, establishing export-control mechanisms, the international community aims to ensure that such sensitive materials and assets cannot possibly fall into the hands of terrorists. The adoption of resolution 2325 (2016) at the end of 2016 has made it possible to adapt and bolster our framework for action in countering the threat. By strengthening the approach to cooperation, assistance and interaction we will be able to better prevent the risk of weapons of mass destruction being acquired by non-State actors.
France will remain fully involved in that effort, starting this month by submitting to the First Committee a draft resolution on preventing the acquisition of radioactive sources by terrorists and by supporting the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction at the European Union and in the course of its forthcoming
chairmanship of the Group of Seven.