Terrorist threat spares no one today [fr]
Cooperation between the UN and regional and subregional organizations in Central Asia - Statement by Mr Alexis Lamek, Deputy Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations - Security Council - 28 October2016
I would like to begin by thanking the representatives of the Collective Security Treaty Organization, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the Commonwealth of Independent States for their briefings on the actions carried out by their respective organizations.
The concept note prepared by the Russian presidency (S/2016/867, annex) invites us to focus on the issue of regional cooperation in the light of the challenges to international peace and security in Central Asia. First, Central Asia is a region that continues to face major economic and political challenges, as well as security challenges. In particular, the situation in Afghanistan and the various illicit forms of trafficking that flourish in the area — in drugs, weapons and human beings — are all destabilizing factors. The terrorist threat spares no one today and often thrives in the context of social frustration, among other factors, and it should not be neglected.
That fragile context makes cooperation crucial among all actors present in the region, including States and regional and international organizations. To complement the actions of regional organizations, the mission of the United Nations Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia is crucial. Support for the countries of the region in developing national responses to these challenges and encouraging them to strengthen regional cooperation is more needed than ever. I am thinking in particular about the assistance provided by the Centre to the implementation by the countries of Central Asia of the United Nations Global Counter-terrorism Strategy, whose tenth anniversary we are celebrating this year. That is an excellent example of value added.
France encourages any initiative that will allow countries in the region to contribute nationally, regionally and internationally to efforts to prevent violent extremism and to fight terrorism.
Lastly, beyond the action of regional and subregional organizations, the European Union has also played a crucial role in this region since the adoption by the European Council of the European Union Strategy for a New Partnership with Central Asia, in June 2007. The total amount of assistance provided by the European Union to the region for the period 2014-2020 amounts to over €1 billion.
With respect to security issues in particular, a high-level dialogue between the European Union and countries in Central Asia was held on 18 May in Brussels. Specific measures were adopted during the meeting, such as the provision of expertise to bolster the implementation of a common action plan for Central Asia within the framework of the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy, the development of programmes related to European Union border management and the fight against drug addiction and the renewal and updating of a European Union-Central Asia action plan to fight drugs. The ministerial meeting of December 2015 made it possible to reaffirm the commitment of European citizens to promote the rule of law, stability, security and cooperation in the area.