The EU, a valuable partner of the UN in finding sustainable solutions (03/09/2015) [fr]
9 March 2015 - Security Council - Cooperation UN/EU - Statement by Mr François Delattre, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations
I warmly welcome Ms. Federica Mogherini, High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy of the European Union and Vice-President of the European Commission. It is always a pleasure to welcome to the Chamber a representative of that major player in security and international stability, the European Union. I welcome her presence here for the first time, as mentioned, since her appointment.
The European Union is a key partner of the Security Council in dealing with most of the crises it has before it. Ms. Mogherini has gone into detail on that, and I will not go over it again.
In our view, the European Union’s work is complementary to that of the Council. The European Union has been able, to act decisively in recent years, in particular in Africa. Last year in the Council, we welcomed the European Union’s work in training the Malian security forces, which complemented the work of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali. We then entrusted the Europeans to do the same in Central African Republic. That was done through the deployment of the EU-led force in the Central African Republic (EUFOR-RCA), beginning on 1 April 2014, which has made significant contributions to the efforts to provide security and protection to civilians in Bangui, again in support of the African-led International Support Mission in the Central African Republic, then the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic.
This week, as the EUFOR-RCA mission comes to an end, I want to commend the work of the mission and highlight the continued commitment of the European Union to Central African Republic, since an assistance mission to reform the Central African armed forces will immediately take over. The work in the Central African Republic shows that the European Union knows how to engage effectively and quickly, and we thank the European External Action Service for its work in mobilizing European partners.
In addition to its deployment on the ground, the European Union is also a valuable partner of the United Nations in finding sustainable solutions to the major crises that concern us. The fight against Boko Haram will therefore be a priority in the coming months.
On the Iranian nuclear issue, we thank the High Representative for her exemplary engagement with the E3+3. The European Union plays a crucial role in the talks with Iran aimed at reaching a comprehensive settlement of the crisis. Much remains to be done, but we are fully committed to reaching a solution.
That is now also the case with the crisis in Ukraine, which has entered into a new phase with the signing, on 12 February, of the package of measures for the implementation of the Minsk agreements. Again, the European Union is taking part in the efforts to find a solution to that crisis, with support from the Council through resolution 2202 (2015). Let us recall that the European Union has resorted to sanctions, on that issue as on many others, not to punish but to encourage the stakeholders to engage in dialogue. The link between sanctions and the implementation of the entire Minsk package was recalled last week by European leaders. The EU is indeed mustering its efforts at the diplomatic, financial and humanitarian levels for a peaceful settlement of the crisis in Ukraine.
In the Middle East, the EU will continue to play its role within the framework of the Quartet and beyond, as a major player seeking to preserve the two-State solution in the face of ongoing colonization, and to contribute to finally achieving a peace agreement. That is also the case in Libya, which is the most serious crisis in the region to the south of the EU. The European Union actively supports the efforts of Special Representative
of the Secretary-General Bernardino León. I know that Ms. Mogherini is personally involved in that. The resumption of the Libyan political dialogue should help achieve a comprehensive solution, and the European Union should play a key role in supporting that process.
Finally, the European Union, which is a undertaking without precedent, is working to promote a new order in its immediate neighbourhood and beyond by establishing the rule of law, democracy and human rights as elements for peace and security. Built on the ideal of bringing peoples together to transcend nationalism, the European Union has created a unique model that has significant appeal.
That model continues to work in support of peace and security, particularly in the Balkans, which were long battered by war after the dissolution of the former Yugoslavia. Today more than ever, the European Union is working for rapprochement between Serbia and Kosovo, by promoting their bilateral dialogue and offering them a fair place in a peaceful regional environment that is focused on its collective development. After the electoral pause in those countries, we look forward to the resumption of their dialogue at the highest level on 9 February with the help of the High Representative. We earnestly hope for the continuation of those efforts.
The process of normalization is also under way for Bosnia and Herzegovina, which the European Union is supporting on its road to stabilization, in particular through European Union Force Operation Althea. Under the leadership of Ms. Mogherini, the European rapprochement of Bosnia and Herzegovina has gained new momentum. It is crucial that the country resume its journey on the path of reform, with a view to also joining the European Union at the appropriate time.
Wherever the European Union is working, it contributes to the ideals of peace, freedom and human progress that the United Nations embody. It is thus an indispensable partner for the United Nations. That special role was reflected four years ago in the adoption of General Assembly resolution 65/276, through which the Assembly recognizes the European Union’s place as a partner and friend of the United Nations.
I would also like to emphasize today, while expressing my best wishes for success to Ms. Mogherini in her work, that the European Union is more than a regional organization. It is an integration project without precedent in history and one of the pillars of a coherent and effective international system.