The Security Council renews the sanctions regime on South Sudan [fr]
South Sudan/Sanctions - Explanation of vote by Mr Antoine Michon, Political Coordinator of France to the United Nations - Security Council - 31 May 2018
The Security Council just adopted resolution 2418 (2018), which renews the sanctions regime on South Sudan. France voted in favour of the resolution, which should help to put an end to the violence in South Sudan and to advance the political process.
The international community and the Council could not — cannot — remain impassive in the face of the clashes on the ground in the past few months and the continuous violations of human rights. In that connection, we welcome the efforts of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) through the High-level Revitalization Forum to bring the parties back together and find a political solution. However, we regret that the parties did not seize upon that opportunity to reach a political agreement that would provide peace prospects for South Sudan and its long-suffering people.
The parties must now take advantage of the coming weeks to reach an adequate political agreement. Today’s resolution should make them aware of their responsibility in that regard. The international community must stay fully mobilized to promote favourable conditions for peace and security in South Sudan. IGAD, the African Union and regional and international partners, as well as the Council, have a role to play. The coming weeks will be pivotal for South Sudan.
Mr. Umarov (Kazakhstan): Kazakhstan is deeply concerned that, despite the signing of the agreement on the cessation of hostilities, the protection of civilians and humanitarian access, as well as numerous calls from the Security Council and all signatories, we continue to receive reports of continuing military actions and flagrant violations of international humanitarian law and human rights law. Moreover, the parties to the conflict have not made sufficient compromises to overcome the outstanding issues on governance and security matters.
We therefore express our readiness to discuss appropriate additional measures by the Council against those who violate the agreement. However, the position of countries in the region and regional organizations, namely, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and the African Union (AU), should be taken into account in the Council’s deliberations on such measures. We all support a bigger role for regional organizations in the work of the Security Council. Our delegation abstained in the voting on resolution 2418 (2018) because the positions and concerns of the countries of the region with regard to the timing of such actions were not adequately reflected. We support the idea of postponing the Council’s new measures and giving IGAD some additional time to realize the objectives of the High-level Revitalization Forum process.
It is of critical importance that the Council remain united in supporting the efforts of IGAD and the AU. We should give Government officials as a party to negotiations the chance to achieve the desired progress, and we strongly urge them to do so. We welcome the decisions set out in the communiqué of the Extraordinary Session of the IGAD Council of Ministers on the situation in South Sudan, adopted today, and hope that the parties will be able to reconcile their differences and make significant progress on bridging proposals on governance and security issues. This is a wake-up call for the Government to be proactive and to genuinely engage in the peace process.
Otherwise, the consequences of inaction and further delays will be dire for the Government, which was put on notice today with the adoption of the resolution. However, we are against the annex and including the names of the officials before we see the results.