The Renaissance Dam : avoid escalation and resolve this dispute [fr]
OPEN MEETING ON THE GREAT ETHIOPIAN RENAISSANCE DAM
STATEMENT IN NATIONAL CAPACITY BY MR NICOLAS DE RIVIERE
AMBASSADOR, PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF FRANCE TO THE UNITED NATIONS
AT THE SECURITY COUNCIL, 29 JUNE 2020
I thank Ms. DiCarlo for her presentation and I welcome Foreign Minister Shoukry and the Permanent Representatives of Sudan and Ethiopia.
The dispute surrounding the Renaissance Dam, if not resolved to the satisfaction of all parties, could lead to further tensions in the region. As my European Union colleagues already said, every effort must be made to avoid an escalation. I therefore call upon the responsibility of the parties.
I would like to welcome the efforts of the Sudanese Government to relaunch the negotiation process and the involvement of South Africa, the United States and the European Union in these talks.
The African Union has a major role to play in facilitating and accompanying these negotiations. In that regard, the discussions held between the parties last week under the aegis of President Ramaphosa are a step in the right direction and must continue in a constructive spirit in order to reach an agreement. We encourage the continuation of the negotiations in that framework and call for their early conclusion, before any decision is taken, in accordance with the spirit that prevailed during the last discussions between the Heads of State and Government.
A mutually beneficial agreement would make it possible to turn this dam into an opportunity for development and prosperity for all the peoples of the region, rather than a factor of tension and division. We call on all parties to respect international law and related conventions, as well as the Declaration of Principles adopted by the three parties in 2015.
France also encourages the Secretary-General of the United Nations to offer his good offices in support of those efforts. As we have just celebrated the 75th anniversary of the Charter, conflict prevention and the peaceful settlement of disputes must be at the heart of the work of the United Nations.
Finally, we solemnly call upon Egypt, Ethiopia and the Sudan to exercise restraint and to show their sense of responsibility. Indeed, it is through dialogue and dialogue alone that we will be able to avoid escalation and resolve this dispute. I therefore call on each of the parties to refrain from any action that could undermine this objective and the continuation of the discussions.