The international coalition against Da’esh must continue [fr]
Semestrial report by the UN Secretary-General on Da’esh
Statment by Ms. Chloé Boniface, Adviser at the Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations
Security Council - 27 September 2019
Allow me also to thank Vladimir Voronkov and Michèle Coninsx for their briefings. As the report indicates (S/2019/612), despite the loss of its territory, Da’esh continues to pose a serious threat to international peace and security, particularly through its regional subsidiaries and the attacks it continues to inspire.
In that context, the efforts of both the military and civilian components of the international coalition against Da’esh must continue in order to support pluralistic and inclusive political solutions in Syria and Iraq. That is the only lasting response for preventing the re-emergence of Da’esh in a different form. The fight against impunity for crimes committed by Da’esh is also an essential element for peace and reconciliation. Those messages were reaffirmed at the coalition’s meeting in Paris on 25 June and enshrined in the Paris road map, which is intended to guide the coalition’s action in the coming months.
In addition, France believes that our efforts must continue to focus on three priority action areas for action, which are included in the report.
1/ First, we must focus on combating terrorist financing. As the financial resources of Da’esh are still estimated at nearly $300 million, we must intensify our efforts to isolate terrorists by drying up their sources of funding. France encourages all States to fully implement resolution 2462 (2019) and cooperate closely with the United Nations in the implementation of their obligations. We must build the broadest possible partnership, involving all the actors concerned — States, the private sector, multilateral institutions and civil society.France commends the outstanding work of the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorateneeds and providing technical assistance. The second iteration of the “No money for terror” conference, to be held in Australia in November, will be an opportunity to take stock of the implementation of the commitments made in Paris in April 2018 and the obligations set out in resolution 2462 (2019).
2/ The second priority concerns the treatment of foreign terrorist fighters and persons associated with them through the full implementation of resolution 2396 (2017).
We must continue to strengthen measures to detect, assist and monitor people at risk, through constant information sharing. At the international level, close coordination among civilian, military and financial intelligence services, as well as among judicial authorities, is essential to responding to the threat and delivering justice. France has a consistent position in that regard — foreign terrorist fighters are expected to be tried as close as possible to the location where they committed their crimes. It is a matter of both justice and security. France recalls that it is opposed, in all places and under all circumstances, to the death penalty. In addition, France attaches particular importance to providing assistance to children, especially psychosocial and educational, to promote their reintegration.
3/ Finally, the third priority is preventing the use of the Internet for terrorist purposes. Progress has been made, with Internet companies mobilizing their resources. But as the Christchurch attack demonstrated, much remains to be done to more effectively prevent the spread of terrorist propaganda and support the development of positive counterarguments. That is why France and New Zealand have mobilized alongside several partners and Internet companies to launch the Christchurch Call, which includes collective and voluntary commitments by Governments and online service providers to address the problem of terrorist content online and prevent the misuse of the Internet, while respecting human rights and fundamental freedoms and the principles of a free, open and secure Internet. That complements important measures already taken in other frameworks, such as the European Union, the Group of 20, the Group of Seven, the Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism, the Tech Against Terrorism initiative and the Aqaba Process. We will remain fully mobilized to ensure the follow-up of these commitments.
Allow me, in conclusion, to stress the central and unifying role that the United Nations must continue to play in the fight against terrorism. France will continue to support United Nations entities in their efforts to identify needs and responses and to promote coordination among all relevant actors.