Since the start of the crisis in February 2014, the United Nations Security Council has seized itself of the issue of Ukraine more than thirty times.
However, the crystallization of positions within the Security Council has prevented, up to now, the emergence of a common approach to the resolution of the crisis.
Following the illegal referendum which led to the annexation of Crimea in March 2014, and as it proved impossible for the Security Council to adopt a resolution denouncing this coup, the United Nations General Assembly condemned the situation by a very large majority in its resolution 68/262 and recalled its commitment to the territorial integrity of Ukraine.
In July 2014, following the crash of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17, the Security Council adopted its first resolution on the matter (R 2166), supporting efforts by the Ukrainian authorities to establish a full international investigation into the disaster, in coordination with the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
In July 2015, Malaysia and the Netherlands submitted a draft resolution to the Security Council to establish an international tribunal to identify and try those responsible for the crash of flight MH17 and give a legal response to the commitments made in Resolution 2166. Due to Russia’s veto, the resolution was nevertheless not adopted.
Despite the initial commitments made in Minsk in September 2014 by representatives of Ukraine, Russia, and separatist movements under the aegis of the OSCE, the situation continued to deteriorate during the last months of 2014. In early February 2015, in the face of a security and humanitarian situation of great concern, the President of the French Republic and the German Chancellor initiated a demarche for the utmost to be done to put an end to the fighting and reach an agreement. On 12 February, this initiative led to a commitment by the parties to a set of measures to implement the Minsk agreements.
In its resolution 2202 unanimously adopted on 17 February 2015, the Security Council has endorsed efforts by France and Germany, putting its full weight and authority behind the Minsk agreements which were to be viewed as a road map for exiting the crisis.
The evolution of the situation led the French, German, Russian and Ukrainian Ministers of Foreign Affairs to meet again in Paris on 23 June 2015 to discuss the full implementation of the Minsk agreements.
In response to the conflict, France has given Ukraine a total amount of €2.7 million by way of humanitarian and emergency medical aid, assistance for displaced persons and support for organizing the 2014 legislative elections.