Unanimous adoption of UNIFIL’s renewal [fr]
Explanation of vote by Ms. Anne Gueguen, Deputy Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations, Chargée d’Affaires a.i.
Security Council - 29 August 2019
France welcomes the unanimous adoption of resolution 2485 (2019), illustrating the Security Council’s collective support for the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), whose role is essential to preserving peace in a volatile regional context. As it does every year, France worked energetically to maintain this Council unity. We thank all the members for their involvement in the negotiations and for their spirit of compromise.
UNIFIL is vital to stability in Lebanon and the region and must remain the guarantor of the cessation of hostilities between Lebanon and Israel, in keeping with resolution 1701 (2006). We, members of the Council, are all guarantors of UNIFIL’s credibility. It is important that UNIFIL remain a peacekeeping and dissuasive force seen as neutral by all the parties It must remain a mediation tool in the service of conflict resolution.
Under the impetus of the Council, UNIFIL has made considerable efforts over the past two years to implement resolutions 2373 (2017) and 2433 (2018) — for example, by stepping up patrol operations on the ground, in close cooperation with the Lebanese Armed Forces.
We wanted this momentum to continue this year on the occasion of the mandate renewal. We also wanted to reflect the concerns raised by several of the delegations, all the while maintaining consensus within the Council.
This new text clearly reiterates the need to guarantee UNIFIL’s freedom of movement and security throughout its area of operation, in coordination with the Lebanese authorities.
Protecting the integrity of UNIFIL’s mandate contributes to the political stability and security of Lebanon and the region at a time when the balance is fragile.
France repeats its attachment to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Lebanon. In the light of recent tensions, it is imperative that all parties show the utmost restraint and adhere to Security Council resolutions by refraining from any violation of the Blue Line.
In the end, only the presence of the Lebanese State and of its armed and security forces will create the conditions for long-term stability in southern Lebanon and in Lebanese territorial waters. It was with this ultimate objective in mind that we this year again approached the mandate renewal.