We cannot let the two-state solution disintegrate - 16 October 2015 [fr]
Israel- Palestine - Speech by Mr. François Delattre, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations - Security Council - 16 octobrer 2015
I thank Jordan for taking the initiative of this meeting, as I thank Mr. Tayé-Brook Zerihoun for his presentation.
Mr. President, over the last few months, France has repeatedly warned of the risks of renewed conflict in the Middle East. Here we are. In the face of the acceleration of illegal settlement activity which further undermines, every day, the viability of a Palestinian state, and in the absence of a peace process, we have mobilized our efforts to stress the urgent need to find a lasting political solution to the conflict, the only outcome that will make it possible to avoid the same cycles of violence from being repeated forever more.
An explosion of violence has taken place in the West Bank, in Jerusalem and in Gaza, as well as in Israel, prompting fears of a third intifada. We condemned the attacks. All the attacks. It confirms our concerns and strengthens our position. And I would like today, on behalf of France, to renew our call for increased mobilization on the part of the international community in order to re-establish a real political horizon. The increase in the number of crises in the region must not distract us from the urgent need to relaunch the peace process. It is the exact opposite.
Just as Minister Laurent Fabius pointed out yesterday at the French Senate, we must relaunch a credible political process that will enable us to make progress toward a just and lasting peace. To really make progress. We cannot allow the two-state solution to fall apart day after day. This is all the more crucial given that there’s a risk that Daesh might one day take up the Palestinian cause, with the consequences we can imagine.
To that end, we have several courses of action:
First of all, we need to deal with the emergency situation. It is the responsibility of this Council to respond to the current escalation. France has prepared a draft statement that it would like to submit to the Security Council members, in order to appeal for calm, restraint on the part of all parties, as well as for maintaining the status quo on the Esplanade of the Mosques.
We must then work toward providing a concrete political horizon. The goal is not to manage the crisis but to find a lasting solution to it. In this respect, the establishment of an international support group is extremely relevant. Following the meeting here in New York of the members of the Quartet, when the format was expanded for the first time to include the key Arab actors and the European and international partners, as France had suggested, we believe that we should strengthen these efforts to re-establish a political horizon capable of encouraging the parties to resume and conclude the peace discussions. Such a format for consultations would make it possible to work on confidence-building measures with the immediate goal of easing tensions,collective support for Palestinian reconciliation under the authority of President Mahmoud Abbas; the drawing up of guarantees and compensation that each party will need in order to sign the agreement. France is in favor of holding a meeting in this format of the expanded Quartet in the near future.
Mr. President, we cannot give up and must use the means at our disposal to find a lasting solution to the conflict. The Security Council must play its full role in supporting these efforts. We must take responsibility. As a friend, of both the Israeli people and the Palestinian people, France is more than ever determined to assume its responsibility and work tirelessly with its partners in the service of peace.