The 2030 Agenda for sustainable development [fr]
“The adoption of the sustainable development goals, these 17 priority levers for a sustainable development, fixed our compass, the horizon we have to reach.” François Delattre, 10 October 2016
France’s development policy falls within the international framework set by the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development, adopted by the United Nations on 25 September 2015. This Agenda sets 17 Sustainable development goals (SDGs) linking the fight against poverty and sustainable development in a threefold dimension: economic, social and environmental. This approach is in the continuum with the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that were adopted in 2000.
The 2030 Agenda aims at engaging all the countries in the integrated approach which makes the 17 SDGs inseparable. This comprehensive approach covers all development issues, in the North as well as in the South. It also aims at implementing all SDGs at different levels, both nationally and locally. It is extremely innovative, in that it encourages the participation of the civil society, citizens and the private sector.
The 2030 Agenda takes into account the environmental dimension, emphasizing the link between the fight against poverty and the preservation of the planet, in the face of climate change. It identifies five pillars of sustainable development: planet, population, prosperity, peace and partnerships.
Finally, the High-level Political Forum (HLPF), organized each year, allows the implementation of SDGs at an international level. At the European level, a sustainable development week held from 30 May to 5 June 2017 gave Member States the opportunity to discuss about SDGs.
France was very much involved in the negotiations for the adoption of the 2030 Agenda. It was one of the first 22 countries to present its Report on the implementation of the sustainable development goals during the High-level Political Forum in 2016. At a national level, France decided to increase funding to the French Development Agency (AFD) by 4 billion Euros by 2020.
France especially focused its action on climate, by organizing the COP21 and encouraging States to sign the Paris Agreement, which entered into force on 4 November 2016. France is also involved on many other issues, such as the empowerment of women and education.